Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Comparison of operating Systems essays

Comparison of operating Systems essays Operating systems have evolved from simple standalone and command line programs like MSDOS to distributed multi-user systems like windows and Linux, which support graphical user interface. Every new version of the operating system tries to address the hidden loopholes and to improve the efficiency and security. The file allocation systems and the security implementation are also different between these operating systems. Today's multi user environment has literally stomped out the simple standalone operating system like MSDOS. Windows has also evolved a long way from 16 bit OS to 32-bit operating system. Linux being an open source system is evolving at a faster pace. A comparative study of these three operating systems in context of the important features like user interface, file management, memory management, security implementation would help us discern the similarities and differences between them. MS-DOS was a purely text based operating system before the Dosshell with minimal graphical features was introduced in MS-DOS version 4. Windows is a GUI operating system, which uses a standard display mode for the desktop. Linux by default was a text based (command line) operating system but now users can choose from a variety of graphical user interfaces that are provided now by the X window based graphical display. Two of the common interfaces being the GNOME, KDE. The KDE has a comprehensive office suit, web browser and text editor. The configurability of these interfaces is what differentiates Linux from windows allowing for highly customizable desktop environments. Another key difference between windows and Linux is that the Linux operating system offers graphical user interface abstraction' at the network level as against the hardware level abstraction' offered by windows and other operating systems. [Nathan's Both Linux and windows use the process model. The...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Australian Indigenous People

The argument of Peter Sutton (2001, 13) that the problem of the Aboriginal People arises from a mix of complex factors that are ancient cultural and social and various external forces has been rightly argued. If we observe the history of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander there disadvantage began with them being disposed of their land and then being displaced. The losses of their autonomy, racial discrimination, and poverty’s intergenerational effects have further fuelled their disadvantages (Aboriginal economy & society: Australia at the threshold of colonisation, 2005). There are more often than not various prejudices that have been faced by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people when they try to rent the home, get services in banks and shops, find a job and do the most common things which every other Australian takes for granted. There are casual relationships that exist with each disadvantage that interrelates to another disadvantage. For example, without their being adequate facilities for studying at home, even with the encouragement from parents, learning would not be an easy task. Education similarly would be difficult for children who are suffering from middle ear troubles or a hearing loss or are malnourished (Macoun, 2011). Health is affected due to there being poor sanitation and housing that is not appropriate. There is often tertiary education which is required for progression to middles and senior positions. Being unemployed and poor lower statistically the self-esteem and increases death, illness and the likelihood of their being imprisonment and arrest, just as poor health effects employability and limits achievement in education.   There has been great suffering that the indigenous people have suffered in the past. It can well be stated that the problems that are faced by the Australian Indigenous people arise today from a complex combination together of the current which, which the time post-conquest, and external impact from factors that are historical, with there being a relevant number of pre-existing ancient, cultural and social factors (Austlii.edu.au, 2016). In Peter Sutton's article, the focus has in general been laid upon only violent conflicts however, these factors do trickle down to various disadvantages that are being faced by the indigenous people today (Sutton, 2001). There are various people for whom the proposition that the disadvantages to the Indigenous people have been caused by factors that are external only, such as colonization, is a fiction that continues to sustain. The defense for this sustaining fiction is that it is not possible for the masses to understand the subtlety that is there behind the truth and it is towards simplistic that they are more inclined towards (Austlii.edu.au, 2016). There has been on the contrary a silence relatively on the complexity of the casual factor, and there has been no acknowledgment of the same. In his 2001 academic paper Peter Sutton’s argument that the violence level and depravity require examining together the various complex factors as mentioned above. His argument is ended with shifts that are significant in the economy and culture of the Aboriginal people. Paul Toohey in his article Peter Sutton has been openly quoted and the differential treatment of the Aboriginal communities and the Aboriginal liberation politics wisdom (Ryan, 2010). The Aboriginal people in the 1960s asserted their right to freedom to vote, movement, accessing of social security at least the minimum level, consumption of alcohol and various other such freedoms. The achievement that resulted has helped close the gap that exists between the status of the Aboriginal as determined by the administrative and legislative action at both State and Commonwealth level on the one hand and citizenship rights on the other hand. This translated into practice as the discriminatory practices' removal by whic h the participation of the Aboriginal people were restricted in the white Australian's civic life (The Politics of Suffering: Indigenous Australia and the end of the liberal consensus, 2010). To take up on the point of Sutton on coming together of various factors that are cultural, there was no or little deep-seated recognition of a difference of values or culture during the liberation politics' mobilization. The distinct cultures and value of the Aboriginal Australia may be marketed by the white Australia in pursuit of national symbolism and gains economically, however, with respect to administrative and political policies, the values of the Aboriginal are considered to be common with that of all the Australians. The gains of the Aboriginal from politics of liberation include them being able to access the white citizenship, internal and institutional assimilationist of practices and policies, incorporatist models. In short being the opportunity to be in the white Australian's lifestyle. Aboriginal economy & society: Australia at the threshold of colonisation. (2005).  Choice Reviews Online, 42(05), pp.42-2891-42-2891. Austlii.edu.au. (2016).  Overcoming Disadvantage. [online] Available at: https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/orgs/car/overcoming_disadvantage/pg3.htm [Accessed 4 Aug. 2016]. Macoun, A. (2011). Aboriginality and the Northern Territory Intervention.  Australian Journal of Political Science, 46(3), pp.519-534. Ryan, L. (2010). Rewriting Aboriginal history.  History Australia, 7(3), pp.70.1-70.2. Sutton, P. (2001). The politics of suffering: Indigenous policy in Australia since the 1970s.Anthropological Forum, 11(2), pp.125-173. The Politics of Suffering: Indigenous Australia and the end of the liberal consensus. (2010).  Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34(5), pp.535-536.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Assighment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Assighment - Essay Example It is through this book that various aspects of the hedge fund scheme are being addressed, and how investors should go about resolving the imbalance created by hedge fund managers. It is true that there is a lot of money to be made from hedge funds, because the success of most hedge funds proves that opportunities are present (Lack 42). In an aggressive, fast-changing business environment, individuals are always coming up with ways in which they can benefit from each other. However, the vulnerability of some individuals, especially with regards to finances, is being capitalized on by individuals who are willing to make quick cash from susceptible folks. It is in light of this that the author sought to address some of the aspects that surround hedge funds. The author describes how to tackle the menace that arises from investment managers, and how to become stronger when opportunities are likely to occur once an individual chooses to invest (Lack 46). Summary of the book According to S imon Lack, investors need to be cautious of the risk hedge funds pose on their unsuspecting nature. It is true that hedge funds can be a lucrative source of capital, but the manner in which people are losing their money is not worth ignoring. First and foremost, the charges required to invest in a hedge fund, according to the author, tend to always be ridiculous. It is the author’s belief that half the money invested by investors could make more returns had they put invested in treasury bills (Lack 51). All these assumptions point or lead to one conclusion that; hedge funds are in business for their own interest, and not those of their investors. This bold statement makes one wonder of all that is currently happening to the invested money that happens to find its way into hedge funds. This is also described in the book when the author insinuates that investors lose almost 25% of their invested money to the hedge fund industry. The superior rate of returns, often hyped by hedg e funds, is usually a ploy to have people invest in something that may not necessarily wield high returns (Lack 53). The author believes that even the traditional methods of investment have better luck in having better/higher returns as compared to the glorified schemes of hedge funds. The numbers, as the book suggests, do not add up or are not consistent with what is actually happening in these organizations. It is this claim that leads to the casting of doubt on the whole hedge fund charade. The controversial manner in which the author divulges information about the hedge fund industry brings to light some of the common mistakes people make, and why it is vital to be open-minded when it comes to deals that are too good to be true. Strengths and weaknesses of the book The manner in which the author divulges this information is done in a simple, much easy to understand language. Simple examples have been used to describe scenarios in which individuals are often in, and how they are susceptible to manipulation once the promises of exceptional returns are introduced. No financial or mathematical complexities have been used, so it is easy for even the not so avid reader to comprehend. Moreover, the anecdotes that the author knits into the book form a basis for a relaxed atmosphere where the

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Critique a research article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Critique a research article - Essay Example pecially amongst physicians and concerns about how to alleviate the situation are in order (Mauer, 2011: 34).The antipsychotics are closely associated to an apparent yet predictable increase in weight that is more proclaimed during the first period of medication of the second generation antipsychotics. After the first period however, the weight gain is considerably low though it still persists. An analysis done on a sample of 101 serious mentally ill patients was set up over a two year period to help analyze the likely changes that could be effected through medically proven procedures. These procedures include disciplined healthy eating habits, education and exercises. Significantly, the test was done to mainly establish other. The weight to be examined was mainly associated with abdominal obesity. Interventions have been initiated in an attempt to control the weight gain associated with these medications, including lifestyle, education, weight loss medications, and exercise have all been tried and evaluated. Currently, the research indicates significantly greater weight reduction in lifestyle intervention groups or standard care groups. (Sheldon, 2007: 32). The article aims to critically analyze the credibility of these procedures, analyze the findings as well as recommend for any probable interventions that could be used instead. A study research involving seriously ill mental patients is arguably one of the hardest studies one is likely to perform. It is prone to so much inaccuracy as the subjects under investigation are not likely to be relied upon to comprehensively provide satisfying information. Therefore, the mere use of the subjects is more likely to be considered full of bias as compared to stable subjects. However, the use of even numbers of both male and female subjects is more likely to provide more accurate results in a particular study unless the two are compared separately. The study in this case is not gender sensitive in terms of providing the

Friday, January 24, 2020

The Emotional Crypt in Gabriel Garcia Marquezs Love in the Time of Cholera :: Love Time Cholera

The Emotional Crypt in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Love in the Time of Cholera It is a well-known fact that bread keeps fresher longer if one sucks the air from the bag it is in before clipping it tightly shut. Thus, in those nations where bread, our staff of life, is provided for us in brightly colored bags, we dutifully absorb the treacherous air, holding tightly to the theory that everything survives better in a vacuum. It is human nature to keep those things we love and need free from harm, tightly wrapped up and out of the elements.   When trauma strikes a human being it is not uncommon for that person to respond by finding or creating a small pocket of normalcy or "emotional crypt," 1   and living safely inside of it, shielding themselves from pain. These crypts take on many forms and, in turn, can be penetrated in many ways. Tombs can be literal or figurative.   While one person may prefer the sanctity of a house or   basement, another may simply create a small but perfect world inside their mind.   Still others might choose a relationship, obj ects, or a form of communication to separate painful reality from tolerable bliss. Modeled after a love affair his mother had with a telegraph operator before she was married, Gabriel Garcia Marquez's late work Love in the Time of Cholera 2 , is an eloquent illustration of how a person or persons can utilize an emotional crypt throughout a lifetime as a tool for dealing with many forms of trauma (McNerney 78).   Additionally, it demonstrates how these emotional crypts can eventually become reality for the person in a post-traumatic state. Lorenzo Daza is a mule trader who, by means legal or illegal, has made enough money to send his daughter Fermina to a fine academy for training women to be good, upper-class brides. Though they are decidedly lower middle class, Lorenzo is deeply set on his daughter marrying far above her station. Florentino Ariza, on the other hand, is the poor but ambitious bastard son of a powerful South American merchant to whom his mother was a mistress.   He works for the local telegraph company and is proficient and talented in the arts of music and, especially, writing.   He has a future as a riverboat merchant but Lorenzo is non-plussed by this.   Ariza first sees Fermina when he delivers a telegram to her father's house.

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

United Nations Role in Peace and Security

As we all know the UNO is an international organization of almost 192 member countries of the world and was founded – rather replaced by the League of Nations some 63 years back in October 24,1945 in San Francisco, California, shortly after World War -II. No doubt the tragedy, bloodshed, massacre, hunger and nuclear atrocities by the USA gave alarming feelings to the nations to freeing the world from the possibility of wars in future. However, its successes and failures in achieving this objective are still debatable. The UNO as stated above is a renewed precursor body of the League of Nations. So before reviewing the UNO’s functions, it will be worthwhile to look into the history of the League as the new generation is not much aware of its role. LEAGUE OF NATIONS The League was founded after the devastation, slaughter, disaster and atrocities of the world war-I. It was also an international organization set up in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919-20 with only 58 members. Its major goal consisted of disarmament, prevention of war and settling disputes between the countries. The harbinger of setting up this organization was the United States President Mr. Woodrow Wilson. But surprisingly the Senate of his own country refused to become its member which was, no doubt, a serious blow to the prestige of the League. However, other great powers like the United Kingdom and France remained its members. It was to fulfil the dream of fundamental shift in the thought from the preceding centuries. Unlike the UNO,the League did not have its own armed forces and was dependent on the great powers to enforce its resolutions and peace-making struggles. It could not enforce its three sanctions as envisaged under its covenant. Therefore after,no doubt, a few notable successes, the following failures resulted in its replacement by the United Nations:- 1. In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria but no effective sanction was imposed on the aggressor. 2. In 1935,Italy attacked Abyssinia but none of the great powers took any notice of it. . 3. Germany was not allowed to join the League in 1919 as it had started the war. 4. Russia was also denied its membership in 1917 being a communist government to pose fear in Western Europe. Eventually these three most powerful countries could not play their positive role in supporting the league. This sort of plight has been stated by Mussolini in a sarcaustic manner as under: â€Å"The League is very well when sparrows shout, but no good at all when eagles fall out† So the League after the end of the first world war was replaced by the UNO in 1945 having remained in existence from 1919 to 1945. THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION After the closure of the League of Nations, the UNO was established on 24th October,1945 but its first General Assembly comprising 51 member countries was held on 10th January,1946 in London. One can well assess that the brunts and tragedies of both the world wars gave a fillip to the idea of revamping the body of the League to play more effective role anew to restore peace and harmony amongst the states. This idea was elaborated in the Declarations signed during war time conferences held in Moscow and Tehran in 1943. Mr. Franklin D. Roosevelt, the President of the USA proposed its name as UNITED NATIONS. Its charter was drafted by the governments as well as non-government organizations like Lion Club International. To start with 51 nations signed the charter of the United Nations. The charter was later ratified by five permanent members of the Security Council viz: USA, UK, France and China, followed by a majority of the other 40 signatories. As a result of the unanimous votes by the U. S. Senate and the House of Representatives, the UNO’s Headquarter were made in the United States. Accordingly U. N. Headquarters building was constructed in New York city in 1949 and 1950 beside the East River on the land purchased by an 8. million dollars donation from John D. Rockefeller. The land is now considered international territory but apart from some diplomatic privileges and immunities, the laws of the New York city,New York state and the U. S. in general do apply. The UNO is supported by some other organizations like the Security Council, UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO and a few more to resolve conflicts and to maintain peace in the world as well as to eliminate illiteracy, poverty, hunger and to enhance respect for human rights. PAKISTAN’S ROLE IN THE UNO. Pakistan is proud to play its role in the peace-keeping missions of the United Nations. Pakistan became its member on 30th September,1947 i. e. just after one month’s creation of it on the world map as a new country. Since 1960, Pakistan is enthusiastically performing its responsibility in the U. N. peace-keeping missions with over ten thousand troops and observers. Currently Pakistan’s involvement in restoring peace in Somalia, Sierra Leon, Bosnia, Congo, Liberia and East Temore have been commended not by the UNO but the world at large. No other country including any muslim state has been that active to contribute this sort of role in the United Nations. This speaks of the valour and vividity of our armed forces on the global impact. Conclusion The first decade of the 21st century is going to complete with both hope and distress co-existing side by side. Peace and development and concept of democracy and equality are still missing in many parts of the world despite our trumpeted slogan of world getting into a global village. No doubt the globalization has drawn countries closer and closer with reference to their economic relationship, advanced means of communications and regional cooperation etc. But these developments are posing some alarming questions to the general public like local wars, revolutions and conflicts coming up from time to time. The Iraq war and situation between Israel and Palestine witnessing tragedies every day. Similarly wars in Africa entangled with poverty and diseases are still continuing. As a matter of fact after the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan on 6th and 8th August,1945, the possession of nuclear device by some countries created a sense of self-protection and safety. In this way the dream of peace and harmony in the world does not seem to be converted into the reality in the near future. But we are not that pessimist because the UNO is undoubtedly a microcosm of the world and despite so many reservations politically, its role in promoting disarmament for a safer future to the posterity cannot be denied. In the global concept its importance and necessity is gaining momentum day by day. It is now the most acclaimed universal representative and authoritative organization with 192 member countries in its present set up and we do hope that it will progress more in the time to come. Those countries who have not become its members so far, should also come forward to strengthen the UNO in general and the present Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki-moon In particular.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Popes An Essay on Criticism - 4464 Words

Popes An Essay on Criticism When Samuel Johnson ascribed to a new work such extent of comprehension, such nicety of distinction, such acquaintance with mankind, and such knowledge both of both ancient and modern learning as not often attained by the maturest age and longest experience, he was speaking of young Alexander Popes An Essay on Criticism (1711), written when he was about twenty, and published when he was only twenty-three years old (in Mack 177).1 Others have not been as generous in their comments about the prodigys efforts. One history of criticism textbook describes the work rather ingloriously: There are repetitions and inconsistencies, some conventional pronouncements along with injunctions of lasting value;†¦show more content†¦Also, De Quinceys remarks in the seventh edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1842) set the pace for many future diagnoses of the work: It is a collection of independent maxims, tied together into a fasciculus [small bundle] by the printer, but having no natura l order or logical dependency: generally so vague as to mean nothing (in Morris 145). John Dennis immediate and hostile response to Popes contribution is perhaps the most celebrated. Clark tells the story (30-31): The `Essay provoked an almost immediate attack and a vitriolic critique by John Dennis in his Reflections Critical and Satyrical, upon a late Rhapsody , cal’d An Essay upon Criticism. This abusive monograph was apparently stands as a monument to the principles of English neo-classical poetics which revered the works of the ancients, recognized the validity of classical criteria and genres, and desired to see the ancient criteria and genres applied to the eighteenth century English literary scene (Isles 262). For this reason and others, many believe that An Essay on Criticism makes an original and significant contribution to the history of critical theory (Morris 146). Pope divided the work into three parts. Part one is an extended theoretical defense of the very possibility of valid criticism which draws on Nature and the tradition of the ancients. TheShow MoreRelatedThe Life of Alexander Pope859 Words   |  3 PagesEnglish poet was born on May 21, 1688 on Lombard Street in London. His father, Alexander Pope, a Roman Catholic, was a linen-draper who afterwards retired from business with a small fortune, and fixed his home on 1700 at Binfield in Windsor Forest. Pope’s education was a purpose to his father’s religion so that excluded him from the public schools. Before he was twelve he had obtained a slight knowledge of Latin and Greek language masters from a priest in Hampshire. Pope also received other mastersRead MoreSusan Sontag s Notes On Camp1945 Words   |  8 Pagesâ€Å"high culture and low culture are minority cultures. The combined influences of both strains constitute mainstream culture†. Before looking at what lo w culture Pope drew upon to produce his own â€Å"high art† it is important to understand the context of Pope’s writing and what was going on in regards to Literary History of that time period. The English Neo-Classical Movement dominated English Literature from the Restoration (1660) to the lyrical ballads of 1798,1800 and 1802. 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Though Pope’s satire is similar to Horace in terms of tone, sometimes his criticism is filled with anger, critical, and strong hate like that of Juvenal. During the middle ages, church and women become the objects of satire. This type of satire can be seen in the works of Langland and Chaucer, WilliamRead MorePope Alexander was a Beautiful Writer643 Words   |  3 PagesAlexander Pope – a poet, landscape gardener, translator, and a satirist – is a famous public figure of the Enlightenment Era. One of his famous satires would be â€Å"An Essay on Criticism† where Pope rebukingly criticizes people who wrongly criticize. The work of a satire which has a blend of humor and wit for the improvement of humanity and the use of these characteristics were a very popular way of writing literature in the EnlightenmentRead MoreThe Epistolary Form Of Writing1926 Words   |  8 Pagesfrom one writer to another. This mode of writing was extremely popular in the Eighteenth Century, taking on different contexts for different purposes. An epistle can be a co mplex genre of writing. The Epistle can be a collection of poems, a satirical essay, a response to an author’s works or a raging sparring of words. Although quite constraining in format, an epistle addressed to someone, be it explicit or not can capture the minds of many. The epistle is notably an ancient form of writing, originatingRead MoreHow Does One Define Progress?1738 Words   |  7 Pagessame â€Å"odious Animal,† (Swift 481) with the same â€Å"odious qualities† (Swift 470) he wished to abolish from his own selfhood. Therefore, the protagonist’s loss of human dignity portrays the ills of what society views as progress and uncovers Swift’s criticism of human pride, vanity, and arrogance. Swift seems to imply that a life based on unrealistic expectations frequently leads to bitter disappointment, and thus attempts to free humanity from the futile denial of its basic nature. Indeed, the satiristRead MoreTragedy : A Great Topic1061 Words   |  5 Pagesfor as in bodies, thus in souls, we find what wants in blood and spirit, swelled with wind: Pride, where Wit fails, steps in to our defence, and fills up all the mighty Void of sense.† (Page 702 Lines 1-10). This is a quote from Alexander Pope’s An Essay o n Criticism. Alexander Pope wrote poetry. His favorite topic was informative. In this poem the first fourteen lines are about pride, stanza two is about the lack of learning. He also talks about wit, judging a book by the cover, how hard it is to pleaseRead More Optimism vs. Pessimism in Popes Essay on Man and Leapors Essay on Woman2015 Words   |  9 PagesOptimism vs. Pessimism in Popes Essay on Man and Leapors Essay on Woman     Ã‚   Both Alexander Popes Essay on Man, Epistle 2 and Mary Leapors Essay on Woman expound the fatalist contention that neither man nor woman can win, as each individual exists in a world of trade-offs. Yet, by each authors singular technique of sculpting his ideas with the literary tools of contrast, argument, and syntax, the cores of the two essays turn back to back, evolving into distinct, but contrary perspectivesRead MoreA Modest Rape : The Eighteenth Century And The Power Of Satire1715 Words   |  7 Pagessatire, they both focused on the ludicrous aspects of British nobility, and found ways to point out their morally corrupt standards of living. In Alexander Pope’s poem The Rape of the Lock, he criticizes the fallacies of vanity in the upper class, and how socialites used religion as a commodity. The story was actually based on an incident among Pope’s friends in which Robert, Lord Petre cut off a lock of Aranella Fermor’s hair, which caused a dispute among their families (Olsen 218). A mutual friend